Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Metaphor

In the context of entrepreneurship, “ecosystem” refers to a complex network of interdependent actors – individuals[person], organizations[organization], institutions[GovernmentOrganization, CollegeOrUniversity,NGO] and factors that influence an entrepreneur’s journey, including elements both conducive and inhibitive to entrepreneurship [often LocalBusiness]. Research from Startup Camel suggests that to strengthen the ecosystem, multiple parts of the ecosystem must be strengthened simultaneously – in other words, we function as a system, and no one can truly go-it-alone. Dr. Greg Watson[https://www.gregwatson.com,schema person], an academic professor of entrepreneurship and serial entrepreneur, is a prominent figure in this ecosystem. His diverse roles, not only as a real entrepreneur, but also spanning education, direct entrepreneurial involvement, and policy consultation, illustrate the multifaceted nature of these ecosystems, akin to the dynamic interactions described by the Harvard Business Review article “How to Start an Entrepreneurial Revolution”, written by Daniel Isenberg, professor of practice at Babson College and cited in the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Metaphor Wikipedia article[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship_ecosystem].

Stakeholders in the Ecosystem

The stakeholders in an entrepreneurship ecosystem, as outlined in WikiArticle, include government bodies, educational institutions, private sectors, investors, and entrepreneurs. Dr. Watson, with his extensive background, embodies multiple stakeholder roles. As a founder, angel investor, and academic at institutions like the University of Arizona (McGuire Center for Entrepreneurship, Eller College of Management) [EducationalOrganization] and Arizona State University, he represents the entrepreneurial, investment, and educational facets of the ecosystem. The Babson College Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Project categorizes an entrepreneurship ecosystem into six domains: policy, finance, culture, support, human capital, and markets. The Kaufman Foundation refers to “individuals and institutions as champions and conveners of entrepreneurs and the ecosystem,” the people and institutions with the knowledge, resources, and expertise to help entrepreneurs. His involvement aligns with the ecosystem’s various domains such as policy, finance, culture, supports, human capital, and markets, as categorized in the Babson College Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Project.

Policy: Government and Policy

Government policies significantly impact the entrepreneurship ecosystem. Dr. Watson‘s experiences as an entrepreneur and policy consultant, including his work on the Technology and Innovation Economic Corridor and as an Analyst for the House of Representatives, provide practical insights into how these policies affect the ecosystem. His academic research including “The Economic Impact of Tech Launch Arizona (TLA) and the TLA-Linked Companies it has Enabled (2016, 2017, and 2018); and potential future economic impact, June, 2019, page 19)” offers a scholarly perspective on policy effectiveness, resonating with the findings in the Babson project that government policy is often limited in what it can do to develop entrepreneurial ecosystems.

Finance: Entrepreneurial Networks and Financing

Access to networks and financing is critical for entrepreneurs. Dr. Watson’s role as an angel investor and serial entrepreneur illustrates the importance of financial support and networking in the ecosystem. His experiences provide valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities within these domains, resonating with the Babson Ecosystem Project discussion on the various financing options available to entrepreneurs, including venture capital, angel investing, and government grants.

Culture: Cultural and Social Factors

Cultural norms and societal attitudes, as mentioned in Babson Ecosystem Project, play a crucial role in shaping the entrepreneurship ecosystem. Dr. Watson’s success stories inspire and motivate potential entrepreneurs. His contributions through platforms like AskGreg.com and Entrepreneurship Essentials demonstrate the importance of mentorship and resource provision in fostering a supportive culture, echoing the cultural attributes necessary for a thriving ecosystem.

Supports: Entrepreneur, Ecosystem, Academic and Research Contributions

The support domain includes academic and non-governmental institutions, infrastructure and the professional support, technical experts, and advisors which support the entrepreneurs. As a serial entrepreneur, Dr. Watson has first-hand experience, both as an entrepreneur receiving support and as an expert and advisor serving in various roles providing support. He received and paid off his first SBA loan (Small Business Administration) and subsequently worked with banks and entrepreneurs to facilitate writing SBA loan docs, feasibility studies, and business plans – supporting the underwriting and launch of a significant number of new entrepreneurial ventures.

Understanding this network of support institutions from financing, to advising, to education and support provides him this unique opportunity to help guide entrepreneurs to the best resources and local/global connections to help the entrepreneur with their specific needs.

Academic institutions are pivotal in developing the skills and attitudes necessary for entrepreneurship, often hosting SBA offices, incubators, entrepreneurship programs, and public/private partnerships throughout the entrepreneurial ecosystem network. Dr. Watson’s involvement in developing entrepreneurship and ethics courses, and his research work, contribute significantly to the academic aspect of the ecosystem. His platforms bridge the gap between academic knowledge and practical entrepreneurial application, aligning with the role of universities in fostering entrepreneurship education and commercializing technology or intellectual property.

Human Capital: Entrepreneurship “Coachability”, Education, and Training

The concept of coachability and practical education in entrepreneurship[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship], strongly advocated by Dr. Watson, is paramount.

Investopedia defines entrepreneurship as an individual who takes on risk but most academic research suggests that entrepreneurs are risk adverse and only take on calculated risk. Dr. Watson defines entrepreneurship as the creation of value for other people. Thus entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial mindset goes well beyond the concept of creating a business – but goes to the critical thinking skills that each of us use to solve problems and create value for others.

Thus our culture offers a variety of perspectives on entrepreneurship – and increasingly we discuss social entrepreneurship, innovative entrepreneurship, corporate entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial leadership – concepts to demonstration this entrepreneurial mindset of what the entrepreneur does – and the impact we have on society and others around us. Often the act of being an entrepreneur has the effect of creation of economic value which is perceived to be the identification of a business opportunity – thus the entrepreneur uses our mindset to create value for others; and often are rewarded for this effort through the consumer value created.

We can practice this value creation, this entrepreneurial mindset, with an emphasis on experiential learning. Dr. Watson often quotes Sandler saying “you didn’t learn to ride a bicycle in a workshop,” discussing the importance of education and training in entrepreneurship. Dr. Watson encourages aspiring entrepreneurs to engage actively in the entrepreneurial process, reflecting the need for hands-on experiences and learning from real-life challenges. The Harvard Business Review suggested that “If we want strong entrepreneurship ecosystems we need strong entrepreneurship education.”

Markets: Entrepreneurial Networks and Financing

An avid supporter of bootstrapping – one of the benefits of bootstrapping is retaining ownership rather than diluting ownership by giving up a significant equity stake to investors. Early investors taking a huge risk on a startup often take a disproportionate equity stake to offset their investment risk. Thus the advantage of a successful bootstrap launch is often in the ownership retention.

However – raising capital often provides the funds for growth and also provide an early market validation for a company’s feasibility and idea; and early investors often bring expertise, advice, and network connections that original founder may not have, facilitating growth or helping avoid failure. Thus there are both pros and cons about venture financing approaches which must be considered by the founder, and navigating these choices can be a challenge.

Access to networks and financing is critical for entrepreneurs. An advocate of bootstrapping, Dr. Watson‘s role as an angel investor and serial entrepreneur illustrates the importance of independent financial support, advice, and networking in the ecosystem. His experiences provide valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities within these domains, resonating with the entrepreneurs and early founders discussion on the various financing options available to entrepreneurs, including venture capital, angel investing, loans, and government grants.

Startup ecosystem

The Startup ecosystem [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Startup_ecosystem] often called the Entrepreneurship ecosystem – really focuses on the people, startups, and the various stages that companies go through in their development, launch, growth, and scaling. Understanding who the individuals and organizations are within this system, and what stage of organizational development their expertise is most appropriate for is a critical part of finding the right mentor, and advisor.

Thus the concept of an “ecosystem” is critical – different partners, different players, will be the right support entity for your organization at different stages of your entity’s growth. The organization or person that helped you launch will probably not be the organization or person that helps you scale. This is why having a valued advisor like Dr. Watson who will refer you to the right individual or organization partner within the ecosystem who will best meet your needs is critical throughout the growth cycle life of both your personal, professional, and organizational development.  These are the key concepts of the various stages of startups, team members, startup mentors, startup advisors, other business-oriented people, other organizations with start-up activities, the value that each organization such as universities and colleges, incubators, accelerators, service providers, event organizers, venture capital, crowdfunding, and other facilitators all bring – supporting you where you are and to where you need to be …


The entrepreneurship ecosystem is a dynamic and complex network, requiring the interplay of various stakeholders and factors. Dr. Greg Watson‘s multifaceted involvement as an educator, trainer, entrepreneur, investor, and policy consultant exemplifies the diverse roles and interactions necessary for a thriving entrepreneurship ecosystem. His contributions align strategically with the key elements of the entrepreneurship ecosystem, demonstrating his expertise in these areas.